[b-hebrew] Septuagint vs Hebrew, effect on Christianity

Yonah Mishael yonahmishael at gmail.com
Sat Oct 14 13:40:57 EDT 2006

I know it's not foolproof, but the NA27 Greek-English New Testament
puts a mark by the verses that resemble the LXX (at least as we have
it). The most striking use of the LXX in the NT is in the book of
Acts, where Stephen is giving his speach and mentions that Jacob's
family came down into Egypt, and their number was 75. The Hebrew Bible
says 70. The Septuagint says 75. This is in Acts 7:14.

Genesis 46:27 (LXX)
... Πᾶσαι ψυχαὶ οἴκου Ἰακὼβ, αἱ εἰσελθοῦσαι μετὰ Ἰακὼβ εἰς Αἴγυπτον,
ψυχαὶ ἑβδομηκονταπέντε
... All the souls of the house of Jacob, who went into Egypt with
Jacob, [were] 75 souls.

Genesis 46:27 (MT)
כל הנפש לבית יעקב הבאה מצרימה שבעים ...
... All the soul(s) belonging to the house of Jacob that came down to
Egypt [were] 70.

At least this is interesting, don't you think?


On 10/14/06, Harold Holmyard <hholmyard at ont.com> wrote:
> K Randolph wrote:
> > LXX was irrelevant to the founding of Christianity and the writing of
> > the New Testament.
> HH: What do you mean when you say this? It is
> obvious that the NT quotation of many OT verses
> follows the LXX wording exactly or almost exactly.
> HH: Here is a good scholarly page with assistance
> on studying the Septuagint and its relation to the NT:
> http://www.kalvesmaki.com/LXX/
> HH: It includes this paragraph:
> Some of the differences between the LXX and MT
> crop up in the New Testament (NT), which draws
> extensively, but not exclusively, from the LXX.
> The meaning of the theological vocabulary of the
> NT is interlocked with that of the LXX, especially
> in the Pauline writings, and the peculiarities of
> the LXX are readily apparent in NT quotations.
> Notable is LXX Isaiah 7.14, which promises that a
> virgin will be with child. MT Isaiah 7.14 reports
> her merely  as a "woman" (Heb: almah). Thus the
> argument behind Matthew 1.23, which cites this
> verse as a prophecy of Jesus Christ, only makes
> sense given the reading in the LXX. This, and
> examples like it, prompted early Christians to
> attribute to the LXX a special status, so as to
> safeguard the authority of the NT. As a result,
> the differences between the LXX and MT directly
> contributed to the distinct directions Judaism and
> Christianity took in Late Antiquity.
> HH: I don't agree with that interpretation of Isa
> 7:14 entirely, since I believe that "almah" could
> mean "virgin," but he whole paragraph reflects a
> widespread academic recognition of the
> correspondence of NT texts to the LXX.
> HH: Here is an interesting website on the topic by
> an admitted non-expert who has nonetheless done
> work that shows the basic correspondence of much
> NT quotation of OT material to the text of the LXX:
> http://www.geocities.com/Heartland/Pines/7224/Rick/Septuagint/spexecsum.htm
> Yours,
> Harold Holmyard
> _______________________________________________
> b-hebrew mailing list
> b-hebrew at lists.ibiblio.org
> http://lists.ibiblio.org/mailman/listinfo/b-hebrew

Yonah Mishael ben Avraham
Joplin, MO
yonahmishael at gmail.com

More information about the b-hebrew mailing list