[b-hebrew] Anahnu - Anu
farmerjoeblo at hotmail.com
Mon Nov 13 18:33:17 EST 2006
The diachronic development in Hebrew is actually even more complicated
as there is a third, albeit rare, form: nahnu (Gen 42:11; Exod 16:7, 8;
Num 32:32; Lam 3:42). J-M (1.120) suggest that this form is the more
ancient, the aleph of 'anahnu due to analogy with the 1cs. Certainly
'anu seems to be a phonologically reduced form of 'anahnu, and is the
form used in Mishnaic Hebrew.
> The changes from literary Arabic to the colloquial language are
> in many ways equal to the changes from proto-Semitic to BH. Now, in
> classical Arab. the term for 'we' is NAH(.)NU, compared,
> for instance, to the spoken Palestinian or Egyptian EH(.)NA .
> In the colloquial the first Nun drops out, exactly as in the case
> of Anu in relation to Anahnu.
> It appears that in Heb. there is rather a diachronic development.
> In fact, Mandelkern lists only one occurrence of Anu in the HB, in
> Jer. 42:6 (actually with defective vowelling and the Qeri is: Anahnu!
> ). I assume that the Mishnaic literatue and what followed is full
> with the shorter form.
> On the other hand there are of course many occurrences of Anokhi
> as well of Ani in BH; as I mentioned they seem to be a fusion of
> usages in different dialects and languages. Uri
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