[b-hebrew] We and us

Yitzhak Sapir yitzhaksapir at gmail.com
Mon Nov 13 07:34:18 EST 2006

On 11/12/06, JP vd Giessen (FOL) <janpieter at giessen.fol.nl> wrote:
> I always thought anoki was an Egyptian loanword (see also Legend
> of the Jews:
> http://search.ldslibrary.com/3821135) but maybe I'm wrong.

The Hebrew )anoki is the first person pronoun and it is not a
borrowed word from Egyptian.  Rather, Egyptian and Hebrew,
along with Akkadian, Arabic, Aramaic, Ugaritic, Moabite, and
Canaanite all had cognate first person pronouns.  The Afroasiatic
pronoun is reconstructed as: )ana:ku.  -a:ku is the first person
suffix, and in Central Semitic (including most dialects of Arabic),
this -k- evolved to -t-.  Later in Canaanite, the (now) -tu suffix
became the familiar -ti of the first person conjugations.  The -o-
in the middle of this word is the result of the Canaanite shift
a: > o.  See also here for comments on )ani and )anoki

Yitzhak Sapir

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