[b-hebrew] PS Re: oral Torah
hholmyard at ont.com
Fri Jun 23 10:57:14 EDT 2006
>OK they were "elders" (Numbers 11:16), "judges and officers"
>(Deuteronomy 16:18). Exodus 18:21 describes the moral character that
>was required, and so does Deuteronomy 1:13.
HH: Right, I did not mean to take anything away from the position of
elders or judges.
> The Torah gives them
>their authority in Deuteronomy 17:11, In Deuteronomy 17:8, the Torah
>says (when there will be the Temple) to go to the Priests, the
>Levites and the Judge to ask them to judge in difficult matters. The
>Sanhedrin had more authority and power if it convened in the "place
>which G-d shall choose" (ie, the Chamber of Cut Stone in the Temple),
>than if it convened elsewhere (Deuteronomy 17:10)
Hh: This is a judicial context in Deuteronomy 17 and certainly implies
that he proceedings are to occur to the central worship site in Israel.
>One of the functions of the Sanhedrin was to test a man claiming to
>be a prophet and if he passed the test, he was proclaimed prophet by
>the Sanhedrin, that was the only body that was allowed to do this.
>Israel was commanded to choose a king in Deuteronomy 17: 14, 15 -
>that G-d shall choose, meaning that he must be chosen with the
>concurrence of both a prophet and the Sanhedrin.
HH: That's interesting, and there is truth in it. That's what occurred
with both Saul and David.
>G-d told Moshe to choose 70 men, who, together with him would be the
>first Sanhedrin, and told Israel that they had authority. I don't
>remember by heart the description of their requirements, but they
>certainly had to be "wise men" and versed in Torah law.
Hh: Of course, you are right.
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