[b-hebrew] Gen 1:1-3 (was "Gen 1:2- And the earth . . .")
hholmyard at ont.com
Sat Apr 15 09:38:57 EDT 2006
Peter Kirk wrote:
> On 15/04/2006 01:07, Harold R. Holmyard III wrote:
>> HH: The real question with the traditional reading ("In the beginning
>> God created the heavens and the earth") is the absence of a definite
>> article with "in" followed by "beginning": BR)$YT. ...
> It is also worth noting that this definite article would be marked
> only in the subtleties of vowel pointing, with qamets for the definite
> version rather than sheva as found in the Masoretic text. But then the
> LXX rendering EN ARCHi without the definite article points to an early
> undertanding of R)$YT as indefinite, but not a construct as "created"
> (actually rendered as just EPOIHSEN, "made") is a main verb, not
> subordinate to EN ARCHi.
HH: The LXX rendering EN ARCHi without the definite article need not
point to an early understanding of R)$YT as indefinite. The Greek often
leaves out article in situations such as this (arguing for the
possibility that Hebrew might as well?). Here is Smyth's Greek Grammar:
§1127. The article is omitted in many adverbial designations of time,
mostly with prepositions (except hêmera_s by day, nuktos by night).
Thus, peri mesa_s nuktas about midnight, hama heôi just before daylight,
hôrai hetous at the season of the year. So with orthros daybreak, deilê
afternoon, hespera_ evening, ear spring; and ek paidôn from childhood.
Most of the above cases are survivals of the older period when the
article had a demonstrative force.
§1128. The article is very often omitted in phrases containing a
preposition: en archêi tou logou in the beginning of the speech D. 37.23
, exô belôn out of reach of the missiles X. A. 3.4.15 , Êiona tên epi
Stru_moni Eion on the Strymon T. 1.98 .
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