[b-hebrew] Lev 21:18 - Passive Participle

Harold R. Holmyard III hholmyard at ont.com
Fri Oct 28 19:34:17 EDT 2005

Dear Peter,

>>... This root was recognized when BDB was put 
>>together; it mentions an Arabic cognate meaning 
>>to "perforate, pierce, slit the partition 
>>between the nostrils, or the lip, or the lobe 
>>of the ear." The Dictionary of Classical Hebrew 
>>also recognizes the root, as do translations 
>>(NET, HCSB).
>It is worth pointing out, even though no doubt 
>Karl will be sceptical in view of his comments 
>on ayin and ghayin, that there is good evidence 
>for these being separate roots in that they have 
>Arabic cognates with different spellings. The 
>Arabic cognate of the word meaning "devote, 
>destroy" is Õ-Â starting with the Arabic letter 
>hah (as in "haram" meaning "unclean"), whereas 
>the Arabic cognate of the word meaning 
>"perforate, pierce" etc is ‘-Â starting with the 
>Arabic letter khah, note the extra dot which 
>indicates a velar or uvular fricative rather 
>than a pharyngeal fricative. It is a regular 
>rule that both of these Arabic letters 
>correspond to Hebrew het, and indeed they were 
>probably pronounced differently in Hebrew at the 
>time when the Bible was written, in the same way 
>as ayin and ghayin were probably pronounced 

HH: That's a very interesting argument. Thanks 
for the observation and for the help with 
pronunciation. I don't know Arabic, though I have 
studied the alphabet and a few things in grammar.

				Harold Holmyard

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