[b-hebrew] SHVAs

Peter Kirk peterkirk at qaya.org
Sat Oct 8 15:11:29 EDT 2005

On 05/10/2005 17:38, Dr. Joel M. Hoffman wrote:

>>When sheva under a guttural consonant becomes vocalised, the 
>>vocalisation is always a composite sheva
>Though this doesn't affect your original argument, it's worth pointing
>out for the sake of accuracy that when a shva under a gutteral
>consonant becomes vocalized, sometimes it will NOT be composite.  If
>the would-be composite ("chataf") shva falls before another shva, it
>then turns into a full vowel.  For example, YA'AV'RU (they will pass)
>gets a full vowel under the AYIN.
>-Joel Hoffman
> http://www.exc.com/JoelHoffman
Thank you, Joel. I was not aware of this grammatical rule. In fact it 
seems to be not quite consistent, for I found just 25 cases of composite 
sheva followed by sheva (for interest, the references are EXO 8:3; 9:11; 
30:8; LEV 25:46; NUM 9:3; JDG 16:2,23; 1SA 18:7; 2SA 10:11; 1CH 
11:13,28,44; 12:3; 29:18; 2CH 9:29; 10:11,14; 26:22; EZR 10:14; EST 
2:14; JOB 7:21; PSA 119:175; JER 29:27; 50:11; ZEC 11:5 - but some of 
these are textual oddities), and in at least some of these cases (e.g. 
JDG 16:23; 2SA 10:11; 1CH 11:13; EZR 10:14; PSA 119:175) the composite 
sheva is in a place where there would be a simple sheva according to the 
regular non-guttural paradigm.

Peter Kirk
peter at qaya.org (personal)
peterkirk at qaya.org (work)

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