[b-hebrew] dating of matres lectionis
peterkirk at qaya.org
Tue Jul 26 07:13:08 EDT 2005
On 26/07/2005 04:35, Bearpecs at aol.com wrote:
>According to Cross & Freedman, _Early Hebrew Orthography: A Study of the
>Epigraphic Evidence_, pp. 46-48:
>The Gezer Calendar (c. 925) does not use them. (The waw in YRXW is not a
>mater lectionis, but is to be understood phonetically as "ew" (contraction of
>"ehu", and the word translated "his two months".)
>The Shemaiah Seal (9th century) has the word LSM(YHW "belonging to
>Shemaiah": "The final vowel u is represented by the vowel letter waw. If the dating
>of this seal is correct, this is the first instance of a mater lectionis in
>Hebrew orthography." They also note: "The fact that a full system of matres
>lectionis was employed in the Me$a` Inscription from the middle of the 9th
>century, suggests strongly that they were being used in Israel at the same time."
Thank you. I prefer to accept this scholarly evidence. I don't think we
can trust Karl's proto-Sinaitic evidence as we don't know how the words
So, if matres lectionis were new in the 9th century, is there any
earlier evidence of the name YHWH, complete with final he?
peter at qaya.org (personal)
peterkirk at qaya.org (work)
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