[b-hebrew] Psalms 68

Herman Meester crazymulgogi at gmail.com
Tue Dec 13 12:42:19 EST 2005

Apparently, there is no consensus.

Those who translate "skies" or "heavens" may read, see BHS (in stead
of בערבות B(RBWT) בערפות B(RPWT, as in Ugaritic, where they found RKB
(RPT. I guess that may mean "clouds" or something, but I haven't been
studying Ugaritic. If you want to stay with the MT reading,  בערבות
B(RBWT, the translation will mention something like "deserts" or

The accuracy of this or that translation depends on considerations of
text criticism. And if we wonder "what would אלהים Elohim suddenly be
doing in the wilderness?" which I think would be a point, we can take
the Ugaritic formula and He then rides in the skies, heavens, clouds,
an image we often see in Antiquity.

The question is, do we have to change the consonantal text? In fact,
the difference between פ pe and ב bet is not that great (we have a few
cognate roots where they interchange) and we are dealing with poetry
which represents a different kind of Hebrew after all. Some experts on
Ugaritic around?


2005/12/13, Gene Gardner <g_gardner1234 at yahoo.com>:
>                     Psalms 68 v 4or 5 (depending on text) has been interpreted in different ways:
>  4 Sing to God, sing praise to His name; lift up a song for Him who rides in the deserts, by His name Jehovah; yea, exult in His presence.
>  5 Sing unto God, sing praises to His name;
> extol Him that rideth upon the skies, whose name is the LORD; and exult ye before Him.
>  4 Sing unto God, sing praises to his name: extol him that rideth upon the heavens by his name JAH, and rejoice before him.
>  The Hebrew:
>  syrv l`lhym zmrv smv $lv lrkb bjrbvt byh smv vjlzv lpnyv
>  In the three translations above, we find deserts, skies, and heavens as the meaning of the Hebrew. The DSS Bible also translates it as deserts. What is the consensus on which is more accurate, and why?
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