[b-hebrew] God vs gods
gathas at hotkey.net.au
Wed Aug 24 23:37:20 EDT 2005
Dictionary of Deities and Demons (DDD) has a good article on "Zeus", with an extensive bibliography. For the identification with Baal Shamaim (or Baal Shamem), see:
J. Teixidor, The Pagan God: Popular Religion in the Greco-Roman Near East (Princeton, 1977), 27.
Cf. Josephus, Antiquities 8.145-147.
I note the article also says that some associated Zeus with YHWH, including some diaspora Jews.
Lecturer in Biblical Languages
Southern Cross College
(Moving to a post at Moore Theological College from Jan 1)
----- Original Message -----
From: Yitzhak Sapir
To: Heard, Christopher
Sent: 24 August 2005 12:47 pm
Subject: Re: [b-hebrew] God vs gods
On 8/23/05, Heard, Christopher wrote:
> Antiochus IV was no atheist, nor a proponent of atheism. He styled
> himself "Epiphanes," and had pictures of Zeus and Nike minted on his
> coinage; these are not the actions of an "atheist." Judging by the
> narratives in 1 Maccabees and Josephus, when Antiochus IV defiled the
> temple in Jerusalem, it was not by promoting atheism, but by
> promoting the worship of Zeus Olympius/Baal Shamayim. Persecuting a
> "rival" religion is unusual in the history of antique polytheism, but
> it is not atheistic.
Is there any specific reason you associate Baal Shamayim with Zeus, as
opposed to say, Baal Zephon or Baal Hadad? Might you have references
that I could read about Baal Shamayim?
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