[b-hebrew] God vs gods

Heard, Christopher Christopher.Heard at pepperdine.edu
Tue Aug 23 23:20:30 EDT 2005


It's not me making the association, it's the Seleucids ... or at  
least, according to my memory, the Seleucids identified Greek Zeus  
with Syrian Baal Shamayim. I am at home right now so I am working  
from memory but I will see if I can dig up bibliography tomorrow.


On Aug 23, 2005, at 7:47 PM, Yitzhak Sapir wrote:

> On 8/23/05, Heard, Christopher wrote:
>> Antiochus IV was no atheist, nor a proponent of atheism. He styled
>> himself "Epiphanes," and had pictures of Zeus and Nike minted on his
>> coinage; these are not the actions of an "atheist." Judging by the
>> narratives in 1 Maccabees and Josephus, when Antiochus IV defiled the
>> temple in Jerusalem, it was not by promoting atheism, but by
>> promoting the worship of Zeus Olympius/Baal Shamayim. Persecuting a
>> "rival" religion is unusual in the history of antique polytheism, but
>> it is not atheistic.
> Hello,
> Is there any specific reason you associate Baal Shamayim with Zeus, as
> opposed to say, Baal Zephon or Baal Hadad?  Might you have references
> that I could read about Baal Shamayim?
> Thanks,
> Yitzhak Sapir

R. Christopher Heard
Assistant Professor of Religion
Seaver Fellow in Religion
Pepperdine University
Malibu, California 90263-4352
Professional Web Page: http://faculty.pepperdine.edu/cheard
Internet Resource Index: http://www.iTanakh.org
Personal Web Page: http://www.heardworld.com

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