peterkirk at qaya.org
Mon Aug 15 06:32:01 EDT 2005
On 14/08/2005 22:32, Read, James C wrote:
> Peter wrote:
> although plural in form, just like Elohim. But when referring to humans,
> adonay is plural "my masters", whereas adoni is singular "my master".
> This is quite regular: -i is the basic 1st person singular possessive
> suffix, but when added to a plural which would otherwise by -im,
> construct -ey, the suffixes contract together resulting in -ay.
> END QUOTE
> JCR: Yes!Ican see your point. However, the text clearly uses the
> tetragramatton here and it is clear that
> Abram called the messengers YHWH and this pattern of subtituting
> messengers for yhwh and vice versa is
> recurrent in the torah. Seeing as the text clearly adresses them as
> YHWH it seems pointless to argue that
> Abram was adressing them as sirs.
James, you need to distinguish here between the perspective of Abraham
and that of the narrator. It is the narrator who uses the name YHWH, in
verses 1 and 13, and then YHWH himself speaks the name in vv. 14,19. But
nowhere in this chapter (according to BHS) does Abraham speak the name
YHWH, he always says Adonay (vv.3,27,30,31,32) (and interestingly Sarah
calls Abraham Adoni, v.12). But I do note some textual differences: some
MSS have YHWH in vv.27,31.
The interesting point is when Adonay is a divine title, and when it
means "my lords", referring to the three messengers. But I am sure there
is some deliberate ambiguity, as part of the literary art here.
peter at qaya.org (personal)
peterkirk at qaya.org (work)
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