[b-hebrew] Tenses and aspects; was: footnotes

Rolf Furuli furuli at online.no
Mon Aug 8 12:05:02 EDT 2005

Dear Bryan,

The subject and verb of a clause may occur outside the clause in modern 
languages, and that is possible in classical Hebrew as well, though to a 
lesser extent, because Hebrew clauses generally are simple. The requirement 
of being a clause is the existence of a subject and a verbal. If we think 
that a syntagm is a clause, and subject or verbal is lacking, we look for 
them outside the clause.  But when we have such elements in the syntagm, we 
are satisfied.

In Hosea 1:9(19)c we have a subject and an object, and the clause gives 
sense without more grammatical elements. So, why should we look for an 
adverbial outside the clause in order to fill the first position of the 
clause? If you have an English clause that gives sense, and which have a 
subject and an object, would you then look for extra adverbials outside the 
clause? I think that only when the lexical meaning of the words and the 
context clearly shows that words outside a clause should serve as an 
adverbial inside the clause, then you will make that analysis.

In Hosea we have a setting, BMQM, but there is no grammatical or syntactic 
reason to view this setting as a grammatical element in c), thus 
transferring it to c). The point is not that it is impossible for a 
grammatical element of a clause in Hebrew to graphically occur outside the 
clause. But such occurrences are rare, and they should be perefectly clear 
before they can be accepted. My main objection to your analysis of a 
sentence initial adverebial in c) is that it is driven by theory and not by 

Best regards

Rolf Furuli
University of oslo

----- Original Message ----- 
From: "B. M. Rocine" <brocine at twcny.rr.com>
To: <b-hebrew at lists.ibiblio.org>
Sent: Monday, August 08, 2005 4:28 PM
Subject: Re: [b-hebrew] Tenses and aspects; was: footnotes

> Rolf,
> Really...to analyze grammar based on the way something looks on the
> page?  I honestly have never heard of such a thing.
> Read some Wm. Faulkner sometime.  The subject and verb of a clause may
> be separated by a hundred words, a dozen commas, and a few semi-colons
> and dashes thrown in for good measure.
> Shalom,
> Bryan
> Rolf Furuli wrote:
>> according to the method I use for grammatical analysis BMQM is not a part 
>> of
>> c), because it does not graphically occur in that clause.
> -- 
> B. M. Rocine
> Living Word Chruch
> 6101 Court St. Rd.
> Syracuse, NY 13026
> (W): 315.437.6744
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