[b-hebrew] GDD (was not: Self-mutilation)
Harold R. Holmyard III
hholmyard at ont.com
Thu Oct 7 16:03:56 EDT 2004
Dear Karl and Yigal,
>What I object to here is the giving of a unique definition to a term
>without good reason.
>An example of a good reason is GZR in Esther 2:1. In all other
>Hebrew uses GZR has the meaning of severing, but here that makes
>absolutely no sense. But recognizing that the Jews living under
>Persian rule in Susa probably knew Aramaic better than Hebrew, and
>that the use here is the same as the Aramaic use, GZR here is an
>Aramaic loan word into the Hebrew text.
>But in Jeremiah 5:7 GDD does make sense as incising as part of
>idolatry, which is the context leading into this verse, consistant
>with 1 Kings 18 as well. This is consistant with the total context
>of Tanakh. Whether you trust Tanakh or not is immaterial to the
>analysis of lexeme use within Tanakh.
HH: Karl's interpretation combines the ideas of prostitution with
cutting oneself. That is a combination I have not seen. The cutting
spoken of in the Bible is associated with mourning and desperate
pleas to a god. The Dictionary of Classical Hebrew lists two roots
for GDD. Karl is thinking of GDD II, but GDD I is listed separately
with the meaning "band together." The word is listed in the
dictionary for Jer 5:7 and also Jer 30:23. It also appears as a Qal
at Ps 94:21 and as a variant at Ps 59:4 (1 MS, Jerome, and Targum). A
related noun is GDWD ("troop").
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