[b-hebrew] Pronoun )nky in Judg. 6:8

David Kummerow farmerjoeblo at hotmail.com
Wed Oct 6 02:27:35 EDT 2004

Actually, Holmstedt is one of the few who *does* argue for a S-V order for 
BH. (Not that I want to fire up this debate again!)

David Kummerow.

>On Tuesday 05 October 2004 15:17, C. Stirling Bartholomew wrote:
>>Judg. 6:8 wy$lx yhwh )y$ nby) )l-bny y&r)l wy)mr lhM kh-)mr yhwh )lhy
>>)nky h(lyty )tkM mmcryM w)cy) )tkM mbyt (bdyM
>>The "clause"  ... )nky h(lyty )tkM mmcryM ... looks exceedingly
>innocent to
>>the untrained eye, an explicit pronominal subject before a finite verb.
>>However, while working my way once again through "Fronting"
>>I came across a discussion of Judg. 6:8 in another place**.
>>What can we say about  )nky ? Well using a somewhat lazy definition of
>>"focus" I would suggest that  )nky points the reader to what is important
>>about the following clause. What is important is who did it. The
>>pronoun focuses the readers attention on the _who_ not the _what_.
>>this pronoun, the _what_ would fall into the new information slot.
>With the
>>preverbal pronoun, the new information slot moves.
>The biggest problem I see with this idea is that, like so many others, he
>assumes that the basal constituent order in Hebrew is V - S, which may
>or may
>not be the case.  Most of the grammars out there assume this order mainly
>because the wayyiqtol form is so prevalent in the HB, and this form is
>clause-initial.  But there is strong evidence that it is a "derived" form
>(for lack of a better term) that has in fact itself been "fronted," and the
>basal order in Heb. is S - V - (O).  If this is the case, then we don't
>really have a pronoun being "fronted" here.  Since this is the first clause
>in a section of direct speech, it would appear to me that it simply
>identifies the new speaker.  Whether that puts emphasis on the "who" rather
>than the "what" is another issue, more involved with pragmatics than with
>syntax.  Or so ISTM.
>Dave Washburn
>"No good.  Hit on head."   -Gronk

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