[b-hebrew] Re: PS /g/
peterkirk at qaya.org
Mon Nov 15 06:44:33 EST 2004
On 15/11/2004 03:44, Uri Hurwitz wrote:
>Yigal Levin <leviny1 at mail.biu.ac.il> wrote:
>.....Phoenician certainly had Samekh.
>Does anyone remember a case of Phoenician Sin (that is, of a Shin being used
>for an /s/)?
> Not off hand,( can't locate my KAI at the moment).
> It it is interesting that there are are cases where the persumed proto-Semitic Sin becomes a Shin in BH -- compare Shams in Arabic to Shemesh .
> Also, one should keep in mind that the original Tha did not have a special letter in Heb., and other NW Semitic dialects, and becomes a Shin in BH -- compare Thaur in Arabic to Shor.
> Does anyone have a definite idea about the difference in original pronounciation between the Samekh and the Sin?
Here is a summary of part of Patrick Bennett's reconstruction from
"Comparative Semitic Linguistics", using Unicode for the phonetic
symbols with an English-based equivalent following:
Proto-Semitic Old Babylonian Syriac Hebrew Classical Arabic
θ (th) š (sh) t/θ(th) š (sh)=shin θ (th)
ð (dh) z d/ð(dh) z=zayin ð (dh)
θ̣ (th dot) ṣ (s dot) ṭ (t dot) ṣ (s dot)=tsade ẓ (z dot)
t t t/θ(th) t/θ(th)=tav t
d d d/ð(dh) d/ð(dh)=dalet d
ṭ (t dot) ṭ (t dot) ṭ (t dot) ṭ (t dot)=tet ṭ (t dot)
s s s s=samekh s
z z z z=zayin z
ṣ (s dot) ṣ (s dot) ṣ (s dot) ṣ (s dot)=tsade ṣ (s dot)
ś (s acute) š (sh) s ś (s acute)=sin š (sh)
l l l l=lamed l
ẓ́ (z acute dot) ṣ (s dot) ʿ (ayin) ṣ (s dot)=tsade ḍ (d dot)
š (sh) š (sh) š (sh) š (sh)=shin s
In Bennett's phonetic alphabet, ś (s acute) is a voiceless lateral
fricative, and ẓ́ (z acute dot) is an emphatic voiced lateral fricative.
It would be an interesting exercise to fit Hebrew words with cognates
into this chart. For example, the last consonant of Hebrew 'erets must
derive from the ẓ́ (z acute dot), because the Aramaic cognate has ayin,
and the Arabic has ḍ (d dot).
peter at qaya.org (personal)
peterkirk at qaya.org (work)
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