[b-hebrew] Exodus and Hebrew Language

Brian Roberts formoria at carolina.rr.com
Sat May 29 09:08:58 EDT 2004


You're forgetting the Izbet Sartah ostracon. (Naveh 1982), which is 
arguably 13th-11th century.

Best Salaams,

Brian Roberts

On Saturday, May 29, 2004, at 05:55  AM, Walter R. Mattfeld wrote:

> Michael Abernathy wrote :
> "Just for the sake of discussion, I have a question for the group.
> Assuming that the Exodus actually occurred as it is described in the 
> Bible
> and that it was recorded by someone about the time of Joshua, what
> linguistic evidence would we expect to find in the Scriptures?
> I should think that the strongest evidence would be in those passages 
> which
> have been miscopied by a later scribe due to some change in the language
> that obscurred the meaning.
> Has anyone detailed the differences in the Hebrew language from a 
> historical
> perspective ?"
> Dear Michael,
> Your question has been raised before by others. The problem ? The 
> earliest
> Hebrew script from an archaeological context is the 10th century BCE 
> Gezer
> agricultural calendar (cf. p. 96. Vol. 3. Mark D. McLean. "Hebrew 
> Scripts."
> David Noel Freedman, editor. The Anchor Bible Dictionary. Doubleday. 
> N.Y.
> 1992).
> If Moses wrote the Exodus ca. the 15th century BCE as suggested by 1 
> Kings
> 6:1, there does not exist yet a Hebrew inscription from that period of 
> time,
> nor does there exist a Hebrew script from the 13th-12th century 
> Ramesside
> era. We have the 8th century BCE Siloam inscription, believed to have 
> been
> made under king Hezekiah. Thus, "dating" the writing of the Exodus 
> account
> via word studies of Hebrew has proved _useless_ and mostly speculative.
> It is with the 8th-7th centuries BCE that we begin to encounter Hebrew
> script in any sizable number from archaeological contexts (inscriptions 
> on
> stone, ink inscriptions on pottery shards or ostraca, etc.). We know the
> Jews used papyrus and parchment which are perishable materials, so the
> absence of an earlier script is explained away as having been on 
> perishable
> documents.
> Regards, Walter
> Walter Reinhold Warttig Mattfeld y de la Torre, M.A. Ed.
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