[b-hebrew] Vav consecutive Gen 1:3

furuli at online.no furuli at online.no
Wed May 26 16:14:33 EDT 2004


Dear Peter,

Please read Comrie, perhaqps his comments can help you.


Best regards

Rolf


Rolf Furuli
University of Oslo




>On 26/05/2004 11:35, furuli at online.no wrote:
>
>>
>>Dear Geroge,
>>
>>By "preterite," do you mean "grqmmaticalized past tense," i.e. that 
>>the WAYYIQTOL is uncancellable past tense in any context, ...
>
>
>Do such tenses exist in any language? Or is this merely a 
>theoretical construct?
>
>>... just as English "went" and "walked"? ...
>
>
>These are not uncancellably past. In "If I walked down the road now, 
>I would meet my neighbours in their garden", "walked" is not past, 
>because its past meaning is cancelled by the conditional 
>construction. The same is true in "When my friend comes tomorrow, he 
>will complain that he walked a long way, but I did tell him I would 
>pick up him up at the station", because the past meaning is 
>cancelled by its subordination to a future verb. And most languages 
>are more flexible than English, not less, in their use of verb 
>tenses.
>
>>... If so, is it possible to differentiate between "past tense" and 
>>"past reference," or are all verbs with past reference preterites? 
>>...
>
>
>I would suggest that all verb forms which indicate past time when 
>used in unmarked contexts are past tenses or preterites. But most if 
>not all of these verb forms can also be used with non-past reference 
>in marked constructions, for example as relative past within a 
>future. The details vary from language to language.
>
>The exceptional cases of non-past WAYYIQTOL etc which you have 
>listed are necessarily in marked constructions, because if there 
>were not some kind of marking you would have no way of identifying 
>them as non-past.
>
>--
>Peter Kirk
>peter at qaya.org (personal)
>peterkirk at qaya.org (work)
>http://www.qaya.org/




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