[b-hebrew] Isaiah 53 read within the book as a whole

Lisbeth S. Fried lizfried at umich.edu
Fri May 21 08:37:23 EDT 2004

Israel had suffered double for all her sins by the exile.
Deuetero Isaiah preached that the time of forgiveness had dawned
and that it was time to return home. The  pathway for our god across
the desert which was the return of YHWH to Zion which all the world
could see was the ret urn of the temple vessels (Isiah 52) from
Babylon, the temple of Marduk where they had been, to Zion and
the rebuilt temple.
That is what Second Isaiah is about, the return of the Jews to
Zion rebuilt. The climax is Isaiah 52. The one spoken of in Isaiha
53 was cut off from the land of the living, that is, he didn't get to
return, but he had enabled the return somehow.
Liz Fried

> -----Original Message-----
> From: b-hebrew-bounces at lists.ibiblio.org 
> [mailto:b-hebrew-bounces at lists.ibiblio.org] On Behalf Of 
> Harold R. Holmyard III
> Sent: Thursday, May 20, 2004 10:54 PM
> To: b-hebrew at lists.ibiblio.org
> Subject: Re: [b-hebrew] Isaiah 53 read within the book as a whole
> Dear David,
> I like this idea that Isaiah 53 explains how Israel received 
> double for all her sins, and I will have to try and read 
> Isaiah that way to see if it works.  I have always understood 
> double to imply that Israel had been punished twice as much 
> as she had sinned. And much in Scripture suggests Israel will 
> be punished terribly before ultimate peace and victory comes. 
> So while I accept all that you said and am grateful that you 
> said it, the words of Isaiah 40 still seem enigmatic.
> 					Yours,
> 					Harold Holmyard
> >To this situation a surprising twist is
> >introduced: exile is announced (39:5-7) and then it is to 
> end (40:1-2)! 
> >The surprise is that their iniquity has been atoned for, yet nirstah 
> >creates an uncertainty about how this has occurred, i.e. is 
> the niphal 
> >reflexive or passive? An ambiguity is introduced, fanned by the 
> >ambiguous dual kiplayim. In what way has Jerusalem received an 
> >"equivalent" punishment for so many years rebellious years--for 
> >judgement is proclaimed then quickly announced as complete? All this 
> >"good news" they are to herald (40:9), yet how this has been 
> achieved 
> >is hidden by nirstah.
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