[b-hebrew] "Justice" in hebraic thinking

Karl Randolph kwrandolph at email.com
Mon May 17 01:03:53 EDT 2004


TsDQ צדק refers to a personal quality, which can also be practiced by a nation or group. This is the quality of treating others fairly, in other words, justly. It is also used in the sense of making or causing others to be just.

$PT שפט is justice in the judicial sense. This is where a person can be acquitted or judged as being in the wrong.

DYN דין has the concept of bringing a lawsuit and having that adjudicated.

(WL עול deals with injustice, often in the judicial theater, while XMS חמס is treating others unfairly in word and/or deed. RV( רשע refers to the guilt from doing injust actions, hence wicked.

This is the way I understand the terms. I hope this helps.

Karl W. Randolph.

----- Original Message -----
From: "wattswestmaas" <wattswestmaas at eircom.net>

> Hello all, I would like peoples' comments please on the following:
> The word TSaDaK (justice) is never used in a negative way unlike in western
> thinking; by this I mean that we would say that justice is done when the
> guilty are punished.  But in hebrew I can only find Justice being used to
> "Aquit the Innocent".  My immediate thinking was that i was simply being
> pedantically ridiculous, but this concept of never applying the word
> "Justice" to the enacment of a sentence against the guilty does have wider
> implications - biblically speaking.  When I consider the opposites to this
> word I do not find the idea of "injustice" but rather more descriptive words
> such as moral distortion, perverse and iniquity.  Obvious I know,  for this
> lies at the heart of injustice; as I said comments and rejections are
> appreciated. Chris.
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