[b-hebrew] Horse and Rider

Dora Smith villandra at austin.rr.com
Mon Mar 29 00:35:44 EST 2004

I'm going to try that post again;  my e-mail program offered me the chance
to post it as unicode and since someone had suggested using unicode I did.

1ThenH227 sangH7891 MosesH4872 and the childrenH1121 of IsraelH3478
thisH2063 songH7892 unto the LORDH3068, and spakeH559, sayingH559, I will
singH7891 unto the LORDH3068, for he hath triumphedH1342 gloriously: the
horseH5483 and his riderH7392 hath he thrownH7411 into the seaH3220.

4Pharaoh'sH6547 chariotsH4818 and his hostH2428 hath he castH3384 into the
seaH3220: his chosenH4005 captainsH7991 alsoH1571 are drownedH2883 in the
RedH5488 seaH3220.
19For the horseH5483 of PharaohH6547 wentH935 in with his chariotsH7393 and
with his horsemenH6571 into the seaH3220, and the LORDH3068 broughtH7725
againH7725 the watersH4325 of the seaH3220 upon them; but the childrenH1121
of IsraelH3478 wentH1980 on dryH3004 land in the midstH8432 of the seaH3220.

21And MiriamH4813 answeredH6030 them, SingH7891 ye to the LORDH3068, for he
hath triumphedH1342 gloriously; the horseH5483 and his riderH7392 hath he
thrownH7411 into the seaH3220.

>From an unused root meaning to skip (properly for joy); a horse (as
also a swallow (from its rapid flight):-crane, horse ([-back, -hoof]).

A primitive root; to ride (on an animal or in a vehicle); causatively to
upon (for riding or generally), to despatch:-bring (on [horse-] back),
carry, get
[oneself] up, on [horse-] back, put, (cause to, make to) ride (in a chariot,
on, -r),

Feminine of H4817; a chariot:-chariot. See also H1024.

>From H7392; a vehicle; by implication a team; by extension cavalry; by
analogy a rider, that is, the upper millstone:-chariot, (upper) millstone,
multitude [from the margin], wagon.

>From H6567; a steed (as stretched out to a vehicle, not single nor for
mounting (compare H5483)); also (by implication) a driver (in a chariot),
that is,
(collectively) cavalry:-horseman.

See picture, A relief of Pharaoh Amenhotep II shooting into bronze targets
his moving chariot.
????????? (???????, ????????, ?????????, ???????????, "riding-chariot,"
?????, ???????, "war-chariot"; Rñìá, ??????):

See picture, Horses were used in the Near East primarily for chariots.
was involved in the very profitable horse trade of his day.
The common names are (1) ???, ??????, and (2) lððïò, ????????. (3) The word
?????, ????????, "horseman," occurs often, and in several cases is
"horse" or "warhorse" (Isa 28:28; Ezek 27:14; Joel 2:4 the Revised Version,
margin); also in 2 Sam 16, where the "horsemen" of English Versions of the
Bible is ??????????????????, ???????????????????????, "owners of horses";
compare Arabic ??????, "horseman," and ?????, "horse". (4) The feminine
form ?????, ?????????, occurs in Song 1:9, and is rendered as follows:
Septuagint ½
lððïò, ???????????; Vulgate (Jerome's Latin Bible, 390-405 AD) ?????????;
the King James Version "company of horses," the Revised Version (British and
American) "steed." It is not clear why English Versions of the Bible does
have "mare." (5) The word ???????, ?????????,?"strong ones," is used for
horses in Jdg 5:22; Jer 8:16; 47:3; 50:11 (the King James Version "bulls").
In Ps
22:12 the same word is translated "strong bulls" (of Bashan). (6) For ?????,
??????? (compare Arabic ??????, "to run"), in 1 Ki 4:28; Est 8:10, 14; Mic
1:13, the Revised Version (British and American) has "swift steeds," while
King James Version gives "dromedaries" in 1 Ki and "mules" in Est. (7) For
?????????, ??????????? (Isa 66:20), the King James Version and the English
Revised Version have "swift beasts"; the English Revised Version margin and
the American Standard Revised Version "dromedaries"; Septuagint óêéÜäéá,
????????, perhaps "covered carriages." In Est 8:10, 14 we find the doubtful
words (8) ??????????????, ?????????????????, and (9) ????????????????,
???????????, which have been variously translated. the King James Version
respectively "camels" and "young dromedaries," the Revised Version (British
and American) "used in the king's service" and "bred of the stud," the
Version margin "mules" and "young dromedaries." See CAMEL.

Dora Smith
Austin, Texas
villandra at austin.rr.com

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