[b-hebrew] Birah

George Athas gathas at hotkey.net.au
Thu Mar 11 01:39:19 EST 2004

> [...]
> The "Akra" in Jerusalem was apparently built during the Selucid period,
> is, post-200 BCE. The "Birah" of Nehemiah and of Chronicles refers to the
> administrative center, very likely fortified, during the Persian period.
> [...]
> Yigal Levin

Perhaps a supporting point to Yigal's comment here is the evolution of the
dual form of the word "Jerusalem" -- that is, the shift from /Y:ru$alem/ to
/Y:ru$alayim/. It was late enough not to affect the traditional spelling of
Jerusalem. And we can detect the shift away from a singular form with the
Septuagintal shift from singular /Ierousalem/ to plural /Hierosolyma/. The
spread of evidence, especially from the Septuagint, suggests that Jerusalem
became a 'dual entity' in the 2nd century BC. My hunch is that in the 2nd
century BC, Jerusalem was composed of Jerusalem residential and Jerusalem

Best regards,

Lecturer in Biblical Languages
Southern Cross College
Sydney, Australia

More information about the b-hebrew mailing list