[b-hebrew] Fw: Aramaic to them?

Peter Kirk peterkirk at qaya.org
Sat Mar 6 06:54:45 EST 2004

On 05/03/2004 23:25, Karl Randolph wrote:

>But already in late Biblical Hebrew, in other words, those sections written after the Galut Babel, not only was the Hebrew simpler but it also shows the influence of Aramaic. ...

It is precisely these simplifications that lead to the conclusion that 
the language was living. Mind you, I don't think they were all 
simplifications, just changes. And I am thinking primarily of 
grammatical forms, not loan words. The contrast with a dead language is 
that the latter becomes frozen or fossilised, with the grammatical forms 
of the classical language copied without gradual change. The graduation 
classical BH - late BH - DSS Hebrew - Mishnaic Hebrew shows the kind of 
gradual grammatical changes, e.g. in the verb system e.g. gradual loss 
of WAYYIQTOL forms and reanalysis of YIQTOL as future, characteristic of 
a living language rather than a fossil.

Peter Kirk
peter at qaya.org (personal)
peterkirk at qaya.org (work)

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