[b-hebrew] Does the Dead Sea Scroll, 4QDeut q, match the LXX Quotation of Deuteronomy 32:43?

Søren Holst sh at teol.ku.dk
Mon Mar 1 09:59:13 EST 2004

I haven't followed this thread closely, sorry if I'm saying what's been said already.

The reading of kl )lhym in 4QDeut[q] is as clear as day (DJD 14, p. 141 - cf plate 44).

No other biblical Qumran text seems to preserve Deut 32,43, nor does it (going by Dave Washburn's index) seem to be quoted in any nonbiblical text.

The BHS lumps together LXX, Qumran and the epistle to the Hebrews in one note, saying that these sources add the equivalent of "wehishtachawu lo (kol) 'elohim" (thus 4QDeut[j]) or "... beney 'el" (thus LXX and, changing "huioi" to "angelloi", also Hebrews)

pardon the amateurish transcription

kol tuv
Soren, Copenhagen

> -----Oprindelig meddelelse-----
> Fra:	Peter Kirk [SMTP:peterkirk at qaya.org]
> Sendt:	1. marts 2004 13:12
> Til:	b-hebrew at lists.ibiblio.org
> Emne:	Re: [b-hebrew]  Does the Dead Sea Scroll, 4QDeut q,	match the LXX Quotation of Deuteronomy 32:43?
> On 29/02/2004 22:40, Dave Washburn wrote:
> >Philip,
> >According to P.W. Skehan, "A Fragment of the 'Song of Moses' (Deut 32) from 
> >Qumran" in BASOR 136 (1954) p. 12-15, v. 43 reads as follows:
> >
> >hrnynw $mym `mw
> >wh$txww lw kl 'lhym
> >ky dm bnyw yqwm
> >wnqm y$yb lcryw
> >wlmsn'yw y$lm
> >wykpr 'dmt `mw
> >
> >Unfortunately, in the photocopy of the article that I have the photo came out 
> >as a blob, so I can't verify any of the readings from it.  Skehan's note says 
> >in part on v.43, "bnyw, with LXX, as against MT `bdyw.  The language of 
> >verses 5 (LLX) [sic], 19, 20, seems decisive in favor of the former."  I'm 
> >not sure what the BHS note is trying to say.
> >  
> >
> I suspect one of two things:
> (a) the kl 'lhym part of the above is a doubtful reconstruction and the 
> text may be bny 'l
> or (b) there are other DSS fragments which read bny 'l here.
> -- 
> Peter Kirk
> peter at qaya.org (personal)
> peterkirk at qaya.org (work)
> http://www.qaya.org/
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