[b-hebrew] DWD or DWYD, YHDH or YHWDH
peterkirk at qaya.org
Mon Jun 28 06:21:10 EDT 2004
On 27/06/2004 14:48, Uri Hurwitz wrote:
> Other interresting extra-biblical evidence bearing direrctly on this can be found in the many seal impressions (bullae) from the time of the Persian rule. Judea was then a province or satrapy whose name was written in Hebrew letters as either YHD, without the Waw or YHWD,with the Waw!
> An earlier inscriptional mention occurs in Arad ostracon no.40, where the name appears with a Waw: "....MLK YHWD[H]...". This is dated to shortly before the end of the Judean kingdom.
Also the place name Yehud is found in the Hebrew Bible in Joshua 19:45
(only), and without the Vav! Interesting, although its relation to the
name Yehuda is uncertain.
Part of the distinction could be phonological. In later times (and even
in modern Hebrew I think), although apparently not in the time of
Hezekiah, a long U was almost always written with a Vav and a short U
almost always without. Yehuda must be pronounced with a long U in an
open syllable. Yehud may be pronounced with either short or long U in a
stressed closed syllable. So Yehud without Vav is a valid spelling, but,
with that convention, Yehuda without a Vav is an anomalous one.
peter at qaya.org (personal)
peterkirk at qaya.org (work)
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