[b-hebrew] Offend/dealt corruptly - chet bet lamed (Mic 2:10)

Karl Randolph kwrandolph at email.com
Fri Jun 25 20:56:09 EDT 2004

Dear Harold:

You’re right about Job 16:3. And if we add three possible uses from Jeremiah 8:6, 22:7 and 23:10, there are a total of four definite uses, with three possibles.

Not once does "to be sick" seem to fit. Nor difficult. Forceful, possibly.

1 Kings 2:8 refers to vile curses.

Micah 2:10 to a corrupted or vilified land

Job 6:25 how straight or upright words are corrupted or vilified? It’s in niphal. Job was complaining about his three "friends" who were accusing him of all sorts of wickedness that he never did.

Job 16:3 or what do you cause to vilify that you should answer? In other words, shut up already if you don’t have a true answer. This is a similar usage as for R$Y( in Proverbs 17:15

Assuming that MRC refers to corruption or vilification, Jeremiah 22:17 after listing some other examples of corruption ends with "upon the vileness you do". Jeremiah 23:10 talks about displeasing vileness. Jeremiah 8:6 all return to their vileness as a horse is poured out into battle.

Qere for the Jeremiah passages lists a root of RWC to run.

Karl W. Randolph.

----- Original Message -----
From: "Harold R. Holmyard III" <hholmyard at ont.com>

> Dear Karl,
> >A question I have is the meaning of MRC &#1502;&#1512;&#1509; a word 
> >+ derivitives that occures only 3 times in Tanakh, 1 Kings 2:8, Job 
> >6:25 and here. Tentatively I have the meaning of vilify. Does anyone 
> >have any clues to nail down this definition?
> HH: The Dictionary of Classical Hebrew offers two choices for the 
> word MRC at Micah 2:10. It could mean "be sick" or "be 
> forceful/difficult." You seem to be overlooking Job 16:3, which uses 
> a Hiphil form of the verb. There is also the noun MeReC, which DCH 
> takes to mean "agony," in a couple of places in Qumran material (1 QH 
> 3:11; 6:21). The first alternative, "be sick," is allowed the Niphal 
> ideas of be sickening, painful, or grievous, while the Hiphil would 
> be sicken. The second alternative would be "provoke" in the Hiphil at 
> Job 16:3.
> The NET Bible translates and then gives literal notes:
> 2:10 Get up and leave, for this land is not secure!25
> Sin will thoroughly destroy it!26
> 25tn Heb "Arise, go, for this is no resting place." The Lord speaks 
> to the oppressors.
> 26tn Heb "uncleanness will destroy, and destruction will be severe."
> HH: So NET takes MRC as implying something from the alternative based 
> on "be sick," which is the traditional meaning. That meaning works in 
> every verse, and the Qumran material supports it. BDB had a problem 
> with Job 6:25, but there is no real problem:
> NIV: Job 6:25 How painful are honest words! But what do your arguments prove?
> HCSB: Job 6:25 How painful honest words can be! But what does your 
> rebuke prove?
> NET: Job 6:25  How painful are honest words!
> But what does your reproof prove?
> HH: In Mic 2:10 the HCSB has:
> Get up and leave, for this is not your place of rest, because 
> defilement brings destruction-a grievous destruction.
> 					Yours,
> 					Harold Holmyard

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