[b-hebrew] Akhenaten and Hebrew religion

Yigal Levin leviny1 at mail.biu.ac.il
Sat Jul 17 18:38:45 EDT 2004

I'll have to have a look at these. The way I see it is this:
1.Even during Akhenaten's reign, his "special" views don't seem to have been well know in Canaan. As far as I remember (please correct me if I'm wrong here), the Canaanite vassals refer to Akhenaten as "the Sun", "the Bull" and Horus - no references to Aten. 
2. Very soon after the death of Akhenaten and his immediate successors, the "Amarna revolution" was pretty much erased from Egyptian history, including the abandonment of the capital at El-Amarna itself. Manetho, for instance, does not mention the whole episode and its re-discovery in the late 19th century was quite a surprise. So the possibility of "Atenism" having any real influence on much later Judahite/Israelite monotheism is very slight. Besides, it seems that "Atenism" was quite far from real monotheism.

  ----- Original Message ----- 
  From: Uri Hurwitz 
  To: Yigal Levin ; b-hebrew 
  Sent: Saturday, July 17, 2004 8:44 PM
  Subject: Re: [b-hebrew] Akhenaten and Hebrew religion

    For an opposing position one may consult J.C. De Moor  The Rise of Yahwism,  and especially the aptly titled chapter  3.: " The Crisis of Polytheism";
     or  W. Propp's article in Ugarit Forschung 31;
     or,briefly, in Kitchen's recent On The Reliability of the OT, pp. 330-332.
    I think their views deserve serious consideration and, in fact a re-examination of the subject which is exactly what Propp has done in his paper (shades of Kaufmann and Albright and even Freud!)


  Yigal Levin <leviny1 at mail.biu.ac.il> wrote:

    question is, what influence did the short lived "Amarna Revolution" have on
    the eventual development of monotheism in Israel/Judah. My position would
    be - none.


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