[b-hebrew] The cause of the transferral of Israel's highpriesthoodfrom Eleazar?

Yigal Levin leviny1 at mail.biu.ac.il
Sat Jul 17 16:19:48 EDT 2004

Hi Kevin,

This is very much a Second-Temple and later rabbinic reconstruction of the
events. They assumed that
1. There was only ONE (legitimate) high priest at any one time.
2. That ALL (legitimate) priests (Kohanim) must have been descended from
Aaron and his two surviving sons.
These assumptions are based, of course, on the Priestly source in the
Pentateuch. However the reality of the pre-exilic period, at least what we
can see in the Deuteronomistic History, is that there were many different
cultic centers and as many different priestly families. The book of Samuel
does not give any Aaronide pedigree for either Eli or Zadok - it is the
Chronicler who turns them into descendants of the two sons of Aaron, and
turns Samuel into a Levite. He does this not only in the genealogies. Look
at 2 Sam. 8:18 - "and the sons of David were priests", which 1 Chron. 18:17
turns into "and the sons of David were first by the king's hand".


----- Original Message -----
From: "Kevin W. Woodruff" <cierpke at prodigy.net>
To: <b-hebrew at lists.ibiblio.org>
Sent: Saturday, July 17, 2004 4:18 AM
Subject: [b-hebrew] The cause of the transferral of Israel's
highpriesthoodfrom Eleazar?

> Friends at B-Hebrew:
> I was asked by one of my students why during the time
> of Eli was the high priestly line transferred from the
> descendents of Eleazar to the line of Ithamar, since
> it is obvious that the line of Eleazar continued to
> have descendents according to 1 Chronicles 6:3-8?
> Any thoughts?
> Kevin
> =====
> Prof. Kevin W. Woodruff, M. Div., M. S. I. S.
> Library Director/Reference Librarian, Professor of Bible and Greek
> Tennessee Temple University/Temple Baptist Seminary, 1815 Union Ave.
> Chattanooga, Tennessee 37404, United States of America
> 423/493-4252 (office) 423/493-4423 (home) 423/493-4497 (FAX)
> Cierpke at prodigy.net  http://pages.prodigy.net/cierpke/woodruff.htm
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