[b-hebrew] Genesis 3:15 "bruise"

Peter Kirk peterkirk at qaya.org
Wed Dec 22 17:00:55 EST 2004

On 22/12/2004 21:27, Jim West wrote:

> At 03:55 PM 12/22/2004, you wrote:
>> Jom:
>> All translations are paraphrases, at least to a certain extent.
> agreed
>> First of all, on a grammatical basis, what is good grammar in one 
>> language often is nonsense in another. Already by adjusting the word 
>> order, one does a low level of paraphrasing.
> agreed again
>> Secondly, and more importantly, lexemes often have meanings in one 
>> language that have no equivelant in another. Sometimes it will be 
>> broader, including meanings that are rendered by two or three 
>> different lexemes in the target language, sometimes narrower, 
>> sometimes a sentence is required to explain a concept that one word 
>> does in the originating text. This is not even counting figures of 
>> speech, literary devices and euphamisms.
> absolutely
>> Because of these problems, all translations are paraphrases.
> i agree and coutldn't agree more.  Nonetheless some translations are 
> more "paraphrastic" than others.  For instance, the ASV stays fairly 
> close to the hebrew and greek texts whereas the NIV and the TEV and 
> the NWT stray rather widely from the mark.  In this respect they 
> resemble paraphrases such as the living bible much more than they do 
> translations like ASV and NASB.
>> These same problems exist even working as a lexicographer, let alone 
>> translater.
> We are, I think, at one.
Jim, I am also more or less at one with all of your concepts - except 
your continuing confusion between NLT and NWT. I just reject your use of 
the words "paraphrase" and "paraphrastic" as quite contrary to general 
and technical usage. And I note your apparent retraction of your earlier 
claim that NIV is a paraphrase and not a translation.

I accept your description of the Living Bible as a "paraphrase" because 
it was prepared from the ASV and not from the original languages. NLT 
and TEV do indeed superficially resemble the Living Bible more closely 
than the ASV; but then a whale superficially resembles a fish more than 
a prototypical mammal, but that doesn't make it a fish. That is, this 
superficial resemblance factor is independent of whether or not the 
versions are in fact paraphrases. An adaptation into modern English of 
KJV would be a paraphrase even if it was done very literally and 
concordantly and superficially closely resembled ASV.

Peter Kirk
peter at qaya.org (personal)
peterkirk at qaya.org (work)

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