[b-hebrew] Genesis 3:15 "bruise"

Jim West jwest at highland.net
Wed Dec 22 10:47:28 EST 2004

At 10:34 AM 12/22/2004, you wrote:
>The word for "bruise", shûph,  is translated in a different way in 
>other translations:

I'm not at all sure what "shûph" is supposed to be.  Is it some 
reference to Strongs or the like?  If so, Strong's is not exactly the best 
source of information on hebrew and greek word meanings.  Further, to base 
exegesis on it instead of the Hebrew text itself is sort of like eating 
your dinner after someone else has chewed it and spit it in your mouth.

>"From now on, you and the woman will be enemies, and your offspring and 
>her offspring will be enemies. He will crush your head, and you will 
>strike his heel." (New Living Translation)

A genuinely dreadful "translation".  Its actually a paraphrase and about as 
useful as Strongs.

>"And I will put enmity between thee and the woman, and between thy seed 
>and her seed; he shall crush thy head, and thou shalt crush his heel." (Darby)

This is just the KJV.

>I'm not a native English speaker, but If I'm not wrong, there is a big 
>difference between "bruise" and "crush". Which is the real meaning (or 
>meanings) in Hebrew?

The Hebrew word is "shuph" and means "to trample" or "to stomp".  Now, like 
everyone,  I've had my foot stepped on and a bruise left.  It is not, then, 
a question of "either / or" here but rather "both / and".  If you stomp on 
something hard enough you leave a bruise.  "Crush" is a bit of an 
overstatement- but I suppose its possible because if you stomp on something 
hard enough to bruise it you might indeed crush it.



Jim West, ThD
Adjunct Professor of Biblical Studies
Quartz Hill School of Theology

http://web.infoave.net/~jwest Biblical Studies Resources
http://biblical-studies.blogspot.com Biblical Theology Weblog

More information about the b-hebrew mailing list