[b-hebrew] Isaiah 53:8

Ben Crick ben.crick at argonet.co.uk
Thu Dec 2 18:38:53 EST 2004

On Thu  2 Dec 2004 (13:56:42), ptraub at juno.com wrote:
> In final clause the options seem to be:
> 1.  ...for the transgression of my people he was stricken.
> 2.  ...for the transgression of my people to whom the stroke was due.
> I lean toward option 1 mainly on the basis of parallelism with the
> preceding clause and I take it as governed by the niphal perfect nigzar
> and the singular suffix of lamo.  
> There is a bit of a difference in meaning in that option 2 expressly
> says something about the people whereas option 1 focuses on the person
> leaving conclusions about the people to inference.

 MiPPe$a`                        `aMMiY    NeGa`     LaMoW
 because of the transgression of my people a stroke  to them/him

 L:MoW (LaMoW in pause) can be singular or plural. In poetry L:MoW can stand
 for LoW or for LaHeM.

 If plural, we may say "my people whose was the blow". If singular, then
 "because of the rebellion of my people the blow came to him" (the Servant).
 The idea is that the individual Servant took the punishment which was due to
 the people collectively, for their rebellion.

 This may be a witness to a variant Hebrew Vorlage, as suggested in the
 apparatus criticus in the Biblia Hebraica Stuttgartensis ad loc.
 Kittel suggests emending LaMoW to L:MaWeT (unto death). But now we are
 in speculative country.

 The Revised Version Margin has your option #2;
 the Revised Version Text has your version #1.

 I cannot see NiG:ZaR in my BH.

 Revd Ben Crick, BA CF                                       ZFC Lu
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