[b-hebrew] TSaRaR (Ex 23:22) 'enemy' and 'bind'

George F. Somsel gfsomsel at juno.com
Fri Aug 27 14:10:00 EDT 2004

On Fri, 27 Aug 2004 19:12:51 +0200 "wattswestmaas"
<wattswestmaas at eircom.net> writes:
> In Exodus 23:22 the writer employs an interesting combination of 
> words to
> convey the second half of his saying that God would be an enemy to 
> their
> enemies by using the root word TSADI-RESH-RESH.  My question is 
> this:  Is
> the first word, (namely TSARTI) a different root all together from 
> the next
> word (namely TSoRaReCHa)?  Is the first word a double ayin verb 
> (where the
> second resh has dropped)  OR is it from an aramaic word where the 
> TSADI has
> replaced an original ayin or tet?
> Thankyou,  Chris
> _______________________________________________

In the first case -- W:)fYaB:T.iY )eT_)oY:BeKf -- you have a case of a
verb followed by a noun of the same root.  In the second -- W:CaR:T.iY
)eT_CoR:ReKf -- you have a hollow verb CW.R which has as its object a qal
participle from CRR.  If the verb had been a geminate then one would
expect CR.oWT.iY, except for the fact that the RESH would reject a dagesh
so the reduplicated 2nd radical would have appeared (as in the participle
of CRR which is the object).  There is no instance of a qal perf 1 sg of
CRR in the OT though there are instances of CRR in the qal perf of other
persons.  While it is not quite the same root, it is definitely related.


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