[b-hebrew] Timing of Thera volcano
Kevin W. Woodruff
cierpke at prodigy.net
Tue Aug 24 14:11:01 EDT 2004
Some sources for you to check:
"Overview and Assessment of the Evidence for the Date
of the Eruption of Thera" in D. A. Hardy and A. C.
Renfrew, eds., Thera and the Aegean World III:
Proceedings of the Third International Congress,
Santorini, Greece, 3-9 September 1989. Vol. III
"Chronology" (London: The Thera Foundation 1990)
V.C. LaMarche, Jr. and K.K. Hirschboeck, 1984. "Frost
rings in trees as records of major volcanic
eruptions", Nature, v. 307, 121-126.
M. J. Aitken, H. N. Michael, P. P. Betancourt, and P.
M. Warren, "The Thera Eruption: Continued Discussion
of the Dating," Archaeometry 30(1988) 164-182.
K. P. Foster and R. K. Ritner, "Texts, Storms, and the
Thera Eruption," JNES 55(1996) 1-14.
C. F. Macdonald, Chronologies of the Thera Eruption,
AJA 105(2001) 527-532.
S. W. Manning, "The Bronze Age Eruption of Thera:
Absolute Dating, Aegean
Chronology and Mediterranean Cultural Interrelations,"
JMA 1(1988) 17-82.
S. W. Manning, "The Eruption of Thera: Date and
Implications," TAW III.1(1990) 29-40.
S. W. Manning, "The Thera Eruption: the Third Congress
and the Problem of the Date," Archaeometry 32(1990)
S. W. Manning, "Thera, Sulphur, and Climatic
Anomalies," OJA 11(1992) 245-253.
S. W. Manning, "Santorini, Ice-cores and Tree-rings:
Resolution of the 1645 or 1628 B.C. Debate?," Nestor
S. W. Manning, "Dating the Aegean Bronze Age: Without,
With, and Beyond, Radiocarbon," in K. Randsborg (ed.),
Absolute Chronology: Archaeological Europe [Acta
Archaeologica 67 Suppl. 1] (Copenhagen 1996) 15-37.
S. W. Manning, "Aegean and Sardinian Chronology:
Radiocarbon, Calibration, and Thera," in M. S. Balmuth
and R. H. Tykot (eds.), Sardinian and Aegean
Chronology: Towards the Resolution of Relative and
Absolute Dating in the Mediterranean (Oxford 1998)
S. W. Manning, A Test of Time: The Volcano of Thera
and the Chronology and History of the Aegean and East
Mediterranean in the mid-Second Millennium B.C.
S. W. Manning, B. Kromer, P. I. Kuniholm, and M. W.
Newton, Anatolian Tree-rings and a New Chronology for
the East Mediterranean Bronze Iron Ages, Science
S. W. Manning, C. B. Ramsey, C. Doumas, T. Marketou,
G. Cadogan, and C. L. Pearson, New Evidence for an
Early Date for the Aegean Late Bronze Age and Thera
Eruption, Antiquity 76(2002) 733-744.
P. Warren, "Absolute Dating of the Bronze Age Eruption
of Thera (Santorini)," Nature 308:5959(1984) 492-493
P. M. Warren, "The Minoan Civilisation of Crete and
the Volcano of Thera," Journal of the Ancient
Chronology Forum 4(1990-91) 29-39.
P. M. Warren, "LM IA: Knossos, Thera, Gournia," in P.
P. Betancourt, V. Karageorghis, R. Laffineur, and
W.-D. Niemeier (eds.), MELETEMATA: Studies in Aegean
Archaeology Presented to Malcolm H. Wiener as He
Enters His 65th Year [Aegaeum 20] (Liège/Austin 1999)
M. H. Wiener, "The White Slip I of Tell el-Dab'a and
Thera: Critical Challenge for the Aegean Long
Chronology," in V. Karageorghis (ed.), White Slip Ware
(Nicosia 2000) 195-202.
--- Stephen Segall <segall at umich.edu> wrote:
> All of the archeological evidence about the date of
> this volcano is
> suspect. A conclusive way to date the Thera volcano
> may be through study
> of ice cores from Greenland, Antarctica or other
> places that can date
> volcanic events by comparison with more recent and
> more precisely known
> events that are recorded in the ice cores. Does
> anyone know of such
> studies and do you have references to them?
> On Mon, 23 Aug 2004, Karl Randolph wrote:
> > Marianne:
> > If as you claim below, Exodus mentions phenomena
> consistant with the Theran eruption, and those
> phenomena were also connected timewise with Ahmoses'
> attack on the Hyksos' strongholds, you have just
> made my point that the Exodus under Moses occured
> under the last or next to last Hyksos pharaoh (next
> to last, if the pharaoh of the Exodus was killed as
> mentioned in Exodus, and his successor ruled for
> only a short period before being expelled).
> > Karl W. Randolph.
> > ----- Original Message -----
> > From: MarianneLuban at aol.com
> > > In a message dated 8/21/2004 10:02:57 AM Pacific
> Daylight Time,
> > > Banyai at t-online.de writes:
> > >
> > >
> > > > I suppose you miss the point Marianne. You use
> the stratum where the Theran
> > > > pumice was found as a marker for the date as
> the eruption took place
> > >
> > > No. I am no vulcanologist. I do not place the
> eruption of Thera at all.
> > > Don't confuse me with Manfred Bietak. I have
> used the eruption as a "marker"
> > > for nothing. The only thing I did in my book
> was discuss the theories of others
> > > as to whether this "tempest" described at Karnak
> by Ahmose (and also hinted
> > > at by the pRhind when the onslaught of the
> Hyksos strongholds took place) can
> > > have had anything to do with the final eruption
> of Thera in antiquity--and the
> > > phenomena described in the BOE. Some say
> "yes"--others "no". It has become
> > > an ongoing debate in the journals. I tend to
> side with the "yes"
> > > contingent--because I have faith that the Torah
> would not describe things that seem so
> > > connected with a natural disaster for no reason
> at all. Hail, raining soot and
> > > darkness for three days don't happen every day
> in Egypt.
> > --
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Prof. Kevin W. Woodruff, M. Div., M. S. I. S.
Library Director/Reference Librarian, Professor of Bible and Greek
Tennessee Temple University/Temple Baptist Seminary, 1815 Union Ave.
Chattanooga, Tennessee 37404, United States of America
423/493-4252 (office) 423/493-4423 (home) 423/493-4497 (FAX)
Cierpke at prodigy.net http://pages.prodigy.net/cierpke/woodruff.htm
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