Fwd: [b-hebrew] Ark of the Covenant
MarianneLuban at aol.com
MarianneLuban at aol.com
Tue Aug 17 15:10:35 EDT 2004
In a message dated 8/17/2004 11:39:23 AM Pacific Daylight Time,
formoria at carolina.rr.com writes:
> I don't think anyone here doubts that the Ark of the Covenant
> exemplified Egyptian influences in its design and form.
> I think that, although it is fun to speculate regarding which Dynasty
> influenced the Hebrews the most artistically, it's not very fruitful.
> Personally, I don't think it will be so until we have a conclusive time
> window for a mass Hebrew presence/exodus from Egypt. Until then, we can
> suggest connections from the Early Bronze Age until the Persian period,
> but what is the point?
It's useless--because all extra-Biblical evidence points to more than one
exodus. And this is a view rapidly gaining acceptance. Why should there have
been only one in all of dynastic Egypt? Reasons for leaving or being expelled
kept presenting themselves until the 20th Century of our own era--when the last
exodus occurred. This is the problem, then--which of those exodoi before the
Common Era was connected to the man, Moses? But just because there was only
one Moses doesn't mean only one exodus. Even the ancient historians couldn't
agree just when Moses had lived. But they were unanymous on one point--that
he lived within the 18th Dynasty, which began with Ahmose I (who fought the
Hyksos) and ended when the first Ramesside king took the throne--that being
Ramesses I. And, hearken Rohlites---the chronology of ancient Egypt is scarcely
off by more than a few years --because Manetho, considered by the ancients to be
a great authority, said so. He believed an exodus took place under a king
named Thutmose and that the counting of years until "Sethos" was 393 years. Why
did Manetho choose "Sethos" for his reckoning?
Because "Sethos" was considered to be the last king of Egypt until the Third
Intermediate Period, during which Egypt was not united again for centuries.
But, Josephus couldn't comprehend this. He just assumed Manetho had meant
Menmaare Seti I--and then tinkered with Manetho's 18th Dynasty, making it into a
hopeless mess in order to account for 393 years. However, Manetho intended
Menmaare Ramesses XI ("Sethos also called Ramesses") who reigned almost exacty
393 years after the early Thutmosids, which includes TI, TII and the very great
TIII. Herodotus also calls Ramesses XI "Sethos" (because he shared a prenomen
with a greater king, Seti I) and wrote that "341 human generations" had
passed between the first king of Egypt and the last true pharaoh of Egypt--Sethos.
As far as I am aware, I am the first person to have ever figured this
out--and when I did I laughed--because it was so simple. Josephus had misled close
to 341 human generations, himself.
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