[b-hebrew] Waw Copulative in Hebrew Narrative
alviero.niccacci at studiumbiblicum.org
Mon Apr 19 01:25:07 EDT 2004
>> >Dear Alviero,
>> >What about the waw copula that begins the book of Ezra (and Shemot and 1
>> We are dealing with wayyiqtol form, not with waw preposed to a
>> non-verbal element.
>Yes, I am changing the subject a bit, if you don't mind.
>Lisbeth S. Fried, Ph. D.
>Department of Near Eastern Studies
>University of Michigan
>2068 Frieze Bldg.
>105 S. State St.
>Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109-1285
No, when waw is placed before a non-verbal element it does not affect
the syntactic function of the sentence--i.e. its function remains the
same as without waw.
What counts syntactically is the position of the finite verb, i.e.:
first position = main function--as is the case with wayyiqtol, which
continues the main line of communication of the preceding narrative,
and second position = usually secondary function--as is the case with
the x-qatal constructions found at the beginning of Ezra and 1 Kings,
while Exodus begins with waw + non-verbal sentence--all of them are
secondary-line constructions providing antecedent information (or
setting) before the start of the main line of a new narrative. They
signal a break in the narrative while wayyiqtol signals continuation.
I think I have explained this issue several times in this forum.
Sorry, I am not in a position to continue a long discussion.
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