[b-hebrew] $wbb from two roots?

Karl Randolph kwrandolph at email.com
Wed Apr 14 13:59:49 EDT 2004

But Peter:

Those are two of the verses I considered before making my original question, though neither are among the 15 occurances of $WBB I referenced.

The Job passge has a poetic parallelism with the wicked and the apostate, and in Hosea I read it as acts of apostasy.

$BB I read as having the meaning as removing from one’s proper place, and in matters of faith that removing is an act of apostasy. So in Ezekiel 38:4 it is a physical movement while in Jeremiah 3:22 it is a spiritual removing, hence apostasy.

$WBB also seems to have the root $WB with the idea of returning, restoration, such as in Psalm 23:3 and Isaiah 49:5.

Other roots that may cause confusion with related words, though not with $WBB, are $BH taking captive and Y$B settling down.

Karl W. Randolph.

----- Original Message -----
From: Peter Kirk <peterkirk at qaya.org>

> On 13/04/2004 17:45, Karl Randolph wrote:
> >To All:
> >
> >It appears that the lexeme $wbb comes from two roots: from $bb which seems to carry the comcept of moving from one’s proper place, or when dealing with belief the idea of becoming apostate, and as a pilel for $wb with the concept of being returned, restored. Using an unpointed search, it appears about 15 times in Tanakh. It appears that the context is what tells us which root to attach any particular usage of the lexeme. Am I reading this aright, or am I overlooking anything?
> >
> >Karl W. Randolph.
> >
> >
> >  
> >
> I would think that the sense "apostate" also comes from the pilel or 
> polel of $WB, with the meaning of turning back into unbelief or idolatry.
> The root $BB does seem to occur, in Hosea 8:6 and Job 18:5, but the 
> meaning is different.
> Another root which is sometimes confused with $WB is $BH "take captive". 
> This confusion, or deliberate word play, is found in the rather common 
> phrase $WB $BYT/$BWT "bring back from captivity" or "restore the fortunes".
> -- 
> Peter Kirk
> peter at qaya.org (personal)
> peterkirk at qaya.org (work)
> http://www.qaya.org/

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