[b-hebrew] enesh Gesenius

Peter Kirk peterkirk at qaya.org
Sun Sep 21 16:35:24 EDT 2003


On 21/09/2003 07:00, Philip Engmann wrote:

>Gesenius[1]  defines wn at xe ('enesh) as "a primitive word, in singular
>not used, signifying A MAN, vir, hence  homo, man in general. The
>Hebrews used for it the contracted and softer form, wyxi ('ish).
>(compare Greek eiV for enV, gen. enoV), a man, vir, also the prolonged
>form wOnx< ('enowsh) homo. From the primary form is the feminine hw.Axi
>('ishah) for hwAn4xi ('inshah), and plural Mywin!x3 ('anashim).
>The signification of sickness and disease which is found in the root
>wn1xA ('anash), is taken from another source (from the theme wn)
>altogether foreign to this noun as a root".
> 
> 
>Can anyone comment on the last paragraph?
>"The signification of sickness and disease which is found in the root
>wn1xA ('anash), is taken from another source [from the theme wn (nsh)]
>altogether foreign to this noun as a root".
> 
>
>  _____  
>
>[1] H. W. F. Gesenius, Gesenius's Hebrew-Chaldee Lexicon to the Old
>Testament, Baker Book House, Grand Rapids, Michigan, 1979. Page 66,
>Section 606.
> 
>
>
>  
>
Probably Gesenius is trying to say that there are two unrelated roots 
alef-nun-shin, one meaning "man" and the other "sickness". But his whole 
discussion is based on the fallacy that the meaning of a word is 
determined by its root. The English word "nice" is derived from the 
Latin "nescius" = "ignorant", and the great difference of meaing between 
"nice" and "ignorant" does not disprove that.

-- 
Peter Kirk
peter at qaya.org (personal)
peterkirk at qaya.org (work)
http://www.qaya.org/





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