[b-hebrew] Re: 22nd Psalm & 40th Psalm

Karl Randolph kwrandolph at email.com
Fri Nov 28 16:59:29 EST 2003


In other words, there is no evidence from cognate languages.

This also illustrates potential pitfalls when looking at cognate languages, for all the examples listed below already have Hebrew meanings:

K)R word in question, no cognates
KWR smelting oven, though not as hot as a KB$N which added foot operated bellows for a hotter fire
KRH to provide, furnish
KRR to leap about, somewhat similar to the Arabic.

Which means that our only clues are context and early translations.

Karl W. Randolph.

----- Original Message -----
From: Peter Kirk <peterkirk at qaya.org>

> On 27/11/2003 20:08, Karl Randolph wrote:
> >...
> >K)R in Ps 22:17 (16 in English) is in the place where one would expect to find a verb, as you mentioned below. As for what it means, there is too little context in Tanakh to give a certain understanding. As the text presently stands, the meaning “as a lion” does not fit. Are there any clues from cognate languages?
> >  
> >
> Well, Karl, at the risk of being told that an assumption is being made 
> about a loan word, BDB mentions under KWR an As. (= Akkadian?) possible 
> cognate kâru "fell trees", which might be relevant but I suppose 
> suggests a meaning "they chopped off my hands and my feet". And then 
> there are a number of possible cognates under KRH e.g. Syriac "be short, 
> cut off", Arabic "ball", As. karê "large vessels for holding corn" etc., 
> Another possible root is KRR which in Arabic means "return, repeat, 
> attack anew, advance and retreat". But none of this is very helpful.
> -- 
> Peter Kirk
> peter at qaya.org (personal)
> peterkirk at qaya.org (work)
> http://www.qaya.org/

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