[b-hebrew] Re: 22nd Psalm & 40th Psalm

Yigal Levin leviny1 at mail.biu.ac.il
Fri Nov 28 07:12:33 EST 2003

Hi Karl,

> I hesitated getting involved in this discussion because of its obvious
theological overtones. But there are a couple of linguistic notes to mark.

That's what we're here for.
> KRH as a verb seems to have the meaning of "to provide, to furnish".

Not that I see. Why "provide"?

>It does not specify how the provision is made. In the case of providing a
well, it is >done by digging, though the "by digging" is left out of texts
such as Gen. 26:25, Ex. >21:33. In Pr. 16:27 that which is provided is

There is no way that you can know what the verb Koreh in Pr. 16:27 means. "A
bad man _____ evil". Fill in the blank. "Provides"? Why not "digs"? or

>In Ps 40:7 it is ears that are provided. In this I agree with you.
KRH would not have been used for the heart. It is used for ears, since they
are cavities that God "dug" in our bodies.

> K)R in Ps 22:17 (16 in English) is in the place where one would expect to
find a verb, as you mentioned below. As for what it means, there is too
little context in Tanakh to give a certain understanding. As the text
presently stands, the meaning "as a lion" does not fit. Are there any clues
from cognate languages?

"Lion" does fit the general context of being surrounded by beasties, but not
the syntax. Maybe the verb was lost: "As a lion, they _____ my hands and


> Karl W. Randolph.
> ----- Original Message -----
> From: "Yigal Levin" <leviny1 at mail.biu.ac.il>
> > Hi Folks,
> >
> > The following points:
> > 1. The verb KRH/KRY means "to dig", NOT "to pierce". To pierce one's ear
> > RC(, as in Exod. 21:6.
> > 2. In the wider context of Ps. 22, the speaker is surrounded by bad
> > bulls, lions (v. 14 [13 in English]), dogs and bad folk in our verse,
> > again dogs, lions and "reemim" (whatever they are) a few verses down. SO
> > "like lions" makes perfect sense here.
> > 3. However, IF K)RY is "like (a/the) lion", the verb is missing. "my
> > and feet ARE like lions" doesn't fit the context - I'd expect something
> > "TPSW" - "like a lion they caught my  hands and feet". But that's not in
> > text. Which may be why the vorlage of the DDS and the LXX had KRW - to
> > supply a verb. But what does "piercing hand and feet" mean IN THIS
> > unless it's about Jesus. Which it's not (at least, "king David" didn't
> > it was...).
> > 4. The way I read Ps. 40:7 is, since God created us with ears to hear
and to
> > understand, He does not want sacrifices. KRYT, "you dug" here does not
> > to opening up ears that were closed, but to the original creation of
ears in
> > our bodies.
> >
> >
> > Yigal
> >
> --
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