[b-hebrew] KHEREM vs MOLOKH
kwrandolph at email.com
Sat Jul 5 15:45:47 EDT 2003
It looks as if the root meaning of XRM is to make into nothing, or to treat something as if it is no longer any use to oneself. Things that were XRM included fields, which became the possession of the priests (e.g. Leviticus 27:21, 28), gold and silver which were entered into the temple treasuries (e.g. Joshua 6:17), and animals which were sacrificed. Peoples were also XRM, but in their case they were to be made into nothing, no use, i.e. exterminated (e.g. 1 Samuel 15:3).
In Ezra 10:8, therefore, it appears that those who did not appear in Jerusalem had their properties made of no more use to them (exapropriated) and they were banished from the community (excommunicated).
Yours, Karl W. Randolph.
----- Original Message -----
From: "Liz Fried" <lizfried at umich.edu>
> > Though both hrm and qd$ have the connotation "to keep separate >
> > consecrate", in BH, hrm generally means "to (consecrate by) destroy(ing)"
> > objects, animal or persons. In MH, the hif'il stem has the connotation "to
> > ban, boycott, ostracize". But here one would have to ask a MH
> > specialist if
> > the modern connotations were invented by the lexicologist Eliez\er
> > Ben-Yehuda, who "imported" many roots and connotations from the Arabic.
> > Kol tuv,
> > Jonathan D. Safren, Editor
> The haram in Ezra 10:8 is usually translated confiscated and not destroyed.
> I don't know why tho.
> Liz Fried
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