[b-hebrew] "Hosanna in the highest" in Hebrew?

Karl Randolph kwrandolph at email.com
Thu Dec 18 02:31:52 EST 2003


I was told that a common belief was that at the time of Messiah, all the Jewish festivals would end except for Sukkot. We find this in the New Testament not only in this passage, but also in the transfiguration of Jesus mentioned in Matthew 17 where in verse 4 Peter mentions building booths (sukkot). Also mentioned in Mark 9:5 and Luke 9:33. So this mixing of Passover and Sukkot is not a mistake.

The Tanakh tie in is found in Zecharia 14, in particular verses 16 and following.

This is getting a little off topic from our study of Biblical Hebrew.

Karl W. Randolph.

----- Original Message -----
From: Noam Eitan <noameitan at yahoo.com>
> Hosanna (Hoshana) is indeed save-please, or bring us salvation, please, or Please, G-d, bring us salvation. Na is the particle of entreaty, either translated as "please", or left untranslated.  
> It seems strange unless you are familiar with pharisaic literature. I don't want to step into a problematic territory, but this is not the only place in the NT where acquaintance with Jewish customs of the time, documented in later pharisaic literature, raises questions about the identity and familiarity of the Gospels' writers with Jewish life and of Hebrew. To wit, in this case: 
> On each day of the Sukkot festival, after the recitation of hallel or after musaf - each congregation according to its custom - a Torah scroll is removed from the ark and brought to the bimah (where the Torah is read). The chazan and congregation say the first four Hoshanot responsively. They then circle the bimah holding the lulav and esrog and recite the longer Hoshana prayer for the respective day of the Festival, as they appear in the Siddur.
> In other words, the NT describes a custom, but the author got the festivals mixed (Pesach instead of Sukkot). Why do you think they run around yelling "Hosanna"? The context and meaning are lost in the NT text IMVHO.)
> Noam
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