[b-hebrew] Meaning of Ahasuerus and Xerxes

Lisbeth S. Fried lizfried at umich.edu
Mon Dec 15 09:59:40 EST 2003

> -----Original Message-----
> From: b-hebrew-bounces at lists.ibiblio.org
> [mailto:b-hebrew-bounces at lists.ibiblio.org]On Behalf Of Sesamo m.
> Sent: Mon, December 15, 2003 4:46 PM
> To: b-hebrew at lists.ibiblio.org
> Subject: [b-hebrew] Meaning of Ahasuerus and Xerxes
> Origin and meaning of the name Aharuerus, according to Strong's Hebrew
> Dictionary:
> 'Achashverowsh, akh-ash-vay-rosh' or (shortened) pAchashrosh {akh-
> ash-rosh'} (Esth. 10:1); of Persian origin; Achashverosh (i.e.
> Ahasuerus or
> Artaxerxes, but in this case Xerxes), the title (rather than name) of a
> Persian king:--Ahasuerus.
> Two questions related to this:
> 1. Is there any extra-biblical evidence of this title applied to Persian
> kings?
> 2. What is the meaning of the name Xerxes?

I'm confused, there is no title here, only names.
Xerxes (Zerkses) is the English name of the Greek form Xerxes (where the X
is the Chi) of the Persian name which is pronounced in Hebrew as Ahashueros.
Artaxerxes is a throne name -- not a title, but a name. There are four
Persian kings who took that as a throne name.
For Persian royal inscriptions (with the Persian and Greek forms
of their names) see Kent, R.G. Old Persian: Grammar, Texts, Lexicon. AOS, 33
(New Haven, 1953).
> Thanks
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