[b-hebrew] 22nd Psalm & LXX

David Kimbrough (CLWA) dkimbrough at clwa.org
Tue Dec 2 13:03:55 EST 2003

The LXX divides parts of the 22nd Psalm in its 21st and 23rd Psalms.  The
16th verse of the 22nd Psalm in the MT occurs in the 17th verse of the LXX's
21st Psalm.  It reads...

LXX 21:17 Hoti ekuklosan me kunev polloi sunagoge ponhreuomenon periesxon me
orukan xeirav mou kai podav.

"Orukan" means "they dig" (from oruko, "to dig") , not they pierce like
"nusso" or "peripeiro" or even "ekkenteo" which mean would have been more
ambiguous since it can mean to "put out", "dig out", "to dig through",
"transfix", or "pierce". Oruko is unambiguously "to dig".

David Eugene Kimbrough
Water Quality & Laboratory Supervisor
Castaic Lake Water Agency
27234 Bouquet Canyon Road
Santa Clarita, CA 91350-2173 USA
V 661.297.1600
F 661.297.0414 or .1611
dkimbrough at clwa.org

-----Original Message-----
From: Deborah Millier [mailto:deborahmillier at yahoo.com]
Sent: Friday, November 28, 2003 8:46 PM
To: b-hebrew at lists.ibiblio.org
Subject: [b-hebrew] 22nd Psalm & 40th Psalm

Y. Levin wrote:

> "Lion" does fit the general 
> context of being surrounded 
> by beasties, but not the 
> syntax. Maybe the verb was 
> lost: "As a lion, they _____ 
> my hands and feet"?

I don't think the verb was lost at all.  I think that
this is one of those *rare* occasions where we should
go with the LXX over the MT.  Mine is not a
*theological* statement, but a text-critical one. 
Given the pre-MT witness of the *verb* KA'ARU in the
NAKHAL KHEVER fragment (DJD, vol. 38, col. XI, frag.
9) and the natural inference that vorlage-LXX likewise
read KA'ARU, it seems clear enough that the MT's
less-sensical KA'ARI is the result of a scribe
somewhere along the line failing to sufficently
lenghthen the final VAV in Psa. 22:17, so that later
copyists read it as a YOD.  

-- Michael Millier

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