meaning of golem
Izzy_Cohen at bmc.com
Tue Sep 10 09:05:43 EDT 2002
Ymir (ee'mir, Y'mir) n.
(in Norse myth) a primordial giant slain by Odin and
his brothers, who fashioned the earth from his body.
Orjan Svensson < Orjan.Svensson at mbox300.swipnet.se >
I just came to think that Aurgelmir, Ymir's second name,
probably came from AUR-GELMIR, where AUR means original,
same as the present-day Swedish word UR, and ultimately
related to Hebrew AUR (Ayin-Vav-Resh) meaning to awake.
GELMIR probably comes from GoLeM meaning "something wrapt
together", "a mass not yet formed", "fetus". Aurgelmir
thus in Old Norse mythology probably was regarded as the
original fetus from which the earth was formed, the body
that was wrapt together in order to form the earth.
The modern meaning of "golem" is related to golem =
automaton (in Jewish folklore) a figure artificially
constructed in the form of a human being and endowed
with life < Ydsh goylem < Talmudic gimel-lamed-mem =
shapeless matter, formless lump; clumsy, awkward person
clump ~ Dut klompe = lump, mass, clumsy < ME clumsen
< Sw klumsig = numb, awkward
< Talmudic gimel-lamed-mem golem = formless lump
clumsy < 1600 clums = benumbed with cold (obs)
~ ME clumsen = stiff with cold, dial. Sw klumsig
= benumbed, awkward, ON klumsa = lockjaw
< Talmudic gimel-lamed-mem golem = clumsy person
glob = shapeless mass (not < globe + blob)
< gimel-oh-lamed-mem golem = shapeless matter
izzy_cohen at bmc.com
From: Matthew Anstey [mailto:ansteyfamily at optusnet.com.au]
Sent: Tuesday, September 10, 2002 1:56 PM
To: Hebraisticum; B-Hebrew
Subject: meaning of golem
BDB gives the meaning of golem in psa 149:16 as "embryo"
but would the author have known about embryos? Any other
suggestions for the meaning here of this hapax? And do
you think it is related to galam "to fold up", gelom
"large garment", both also hapaxes?
Any help would be appreciated?
Semantic Domains of Biblical Hebrew Dictionary Project
United Bible Societies
Vrije Universiteit, Amsterdam
Faculteit der Godgeleerdheid
Residence: Kambah, ACT, Australia
anstey at postmark.net
+61 (0)2 6296 4044
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