initial waw

David Stabnow dstabno at
Wed May 29 10:17:43 EDT 2002

There are grammatical examples of verb-initial clauses without waw.
Niccacci and, later, Dawson (Text-Linguistics and Biblical Hebrew, JSOT
Supp 177, 1994, pp. 214-15) noted that direct speech cannot begin with
consecutive clauses (wayyiqtol or weqatal), but can begin with x-qatal or
just qatal.  See, for example, what the people say in Judg 10:10 -- X+)NW
LK "We have sinned against You."

Dave Stabnow
Bible Translation Editor
Broadman & Holman Publishers
Nashville, Tennessee
david.stabnow at

    Therefore, whether you eat or drink, or whatever you do,
do everything for God's glory.  (1 Cor 10:31, HCSB)

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