h'lhym

Rolf Furuli furuli at online.no
Fri Jul 19 08:28:37 EDT 2002


Dear Peter,

h'lhym occurs 376 times, and of these 8 refers to other gods (Ex 
18:11;22:20; Deut 10:17; Judg 10:14; 2 Chr 2:5; Ps  86:8; 136:2; Jer 
11:12).


Regards

Rolf


Rolf Furuli
University of Oslo



>Has this data also been vetted to exclude reference to ELOHIM in the
>construct state or with a personal suffix, where the definite article is
>impossible? Also, are these only references to the God of Israel or do
>they include references to other divinities?
>
>The raw data certainly shows a decided shift from ELOHIM towards
>HA'ELOHIM in prose (not in poetry, except perhaps Ecclesiastes) in the
>books traditionally considered post-exilic. There is some sign of the
>shift in the later pre-exilic prose books (according to traditional
>ideas) e.g. 2 Kings. Of course the reason for this shift could be either
>religious or linguistic, so on its own it doesn't tell us much.
>
>I suppose that Esther has none of any of these forms and was omitted
>from your table for that reason.
>
>Peter Kirk
>
>>  -----Original Message-----
>>  From: Ian Hutchesson [mailto:mc2499 at mclink.it]
>>  Sent: 19 July 2002 03:28
>>  To: Biblical Hebrew
>>  Subject: Re: h'lhym
>>
>>  Earlier I asked:
>>
>>  >Is there any literature (or any thoughts) on the term
>>  >ha-elohim (with article) as against that without?
>>
>>  and didn't get any takers. Here's some raw data which
>>  might be found interesting. Perhaps someone might find
>>  it stimulating.
>>
>>      h'lhym 'lhym   yhwh    'dny
>>
>>  Gen   20    140     128       6
>>  Ex    27     30     298       4
>>  Lev    -      -     198       -
>>  Num    2      7     286       1
>>  Deut.  5     28     413       2
>>  Jos    3     10     160       2
>>  Jdg   13     26     122       2
>>  Ruth   -      -      12       -
>>  1Sa   11     34     204       -
>>  2Sa   17     13     115       7
>>  1Ki   21     21     195       4
>>  2Ki   34     26     217       2
>>  1Ch   44     14     112       0
>>  2Ch   47     25     270       0
>>  Ezr   12      -      22       0
>>  Neh   22      3      14       2
>>  Job    3     11      22       1
>>  Ps     3    189     545      50
>>  So     -      -       -       1
>>  Pro    -      3      70       -
>>  Ecc   29      7       -       -
>>  Isa    2     14     366      47
>>  Jer    2     13     604      13
>>  Lam    -      -      30      13
>>  Eze    1     11     387     215
>>  Dan    5      -       6      13
>>  Hos    -      5      36       -
>>  Joel   -      -      23       -
>>  Amos   -      1      71      23
>>  Ob     -      -       5       1
>>  Jon    4      4      19       -
>>  Mic    -      1      33       1
>>  Nah    -      -      10       -
>>  Hab    -      -       9       1
>>  Zep    -      -      24       1
>>  Hag    -      -      25       -
>>  Zec    -      1      96       7
>>  Mal    -      5      36       1
>>  --------------------------------
>>       316    634    5194     420
>>  --------------------------------
>>
>>
>>  'dny has been vetted to remove non-god references
>  > as in "master".
>  >
>  >
>  > Ian
>  >
>  >
>  >
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>
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