Peter Kirk Peter_Kirk at sil.org
Mon Jul 8 11:04:20 EDT 2002

No, the LXX is ZWH (zeta-omega-eta) which means "life", i.e. they
translated the name rather than transliterated it. I guess that Eve
comes from the Latin Vulgate (which Jerome translated directly from the
Hebrew) which is probably Eva (can anyone confirm that?).

Most modern English Bible translations render well known (personal and
place) names in their traditional English forms (which are mostly based
on Latin) rather than attempt a consistent transliteration. Some place
names have been changed in recent translations to match modern Israeli
usage e.g. "Negeb" has become "Negev" in NIV, which has also replaced
lots of "ch"'s with "k" in less well known names, for Hebrew kaf (het is
usually "h"). But do you see any good reason to make major changes to
this practice?

Peter Kirk

> -----Original Message-----
> From: Ian Goldsmith [mailto:iangoldsmith1969 at yahoo.co.uk]
> Sent: 08 July 2002 11:48
> To: Biblical Hebrew
> Subject: Eve/Chavvah.
> Dear All.
> A Couple of related questions.:
> Whilst I understand the relation in the Hebrew name
> for 'Eve'  (Gen 3:20) to 'life', I'm unsure where we
> get the English 'Eve' from.
> I'm guessing that it is a transliteration of the LXX
> for 'Chavvah/Khavvah' = 'Eve'. Can anyone confirm this
> and give more detail, or correct me if I'm barking up
> the wrong tree? I haven't got an LXX to look it up in,
> so I've no idea if I'm on the right track.
> Still, it'd have been much easier if we'd stuck to
> some translation of these names into English that made
> more sense! Once again the original makes more sense,
> but then that's probably a given?
> How about a bold translation into English that has
> clearer translation of names, places etc. Perhaps a
> campaign to drop the German? ;- ).
> Seriously though I'd value your clarification.
> Next question.  Did God give 'man' a name? Or did he
> let him choose his own, as he chose those of the other
> living creatures?
> 'Man' seems to be the first person to refer to himself
> as 'Ish' and likewise of 'Ishah' his wife.
> He is always referred to as just 'adam' up until that
> point and generally with the article. As he was unique
> I wondered if his title was in someway unique also.
> Anyway, look forward to your thoughts.
> Thanks.
> Ian.
> =====
> Ian Goldsmith.
> England.
> Dibrah Torah kilshone bnei-adam
> 'The Torah spoke in the language of ordinary men.'
> Berakot 31b
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