"admittedly syncretistic Kuntillet Ajrud fragments"

Jonathan D. Safren yonsaf at beitberl.ac.il
Thu Jan 24 02:06:58 EST 2002

I don;t see why there should be any doubt about YHWH $mrn at KA being
understood as YHWH of Samaria. From KA there's another insciription with
YHWH Teman, one of the places mentioned in the Bible (Habakkuj 3?) as a
location of divine theophany. Cf. also the incipits to the Blessing of Moses
(Deut. 33) and the Song of Deborah (Jud. 5) - YHWH seems to reveal himself,
or the YHWHs seem to reveal themselves, in all sorts of mountainous and
desert locations to the south of Israel - indicating perhaps His - or
their - origins?
Jonathan D. Safren
Dept. of Biblical Studies
Beit Berl College

----- Original Message -----
From: "Dave Washburn" <dwashbur at nyx.net>
To: "Biblical Hebrew" <b-hebrew at franklin.oit.unc.edu>
Sent: Thursday, January 24, 2002 6:57 AM
Subject: RE: "admittedly syncretistic Kuntillet Ajrud fragments"

> > Well, I guess I was assuming that the reference to "Yahweh and his
> > Asherah", heading a drawing of a god and a goddess, wasn't exactly up to
> > the standards of prophetic monotheism :-).  I know that phrase has been
> > interpreted in different ways, but isn't the most straightforward to
> > understand it as a reference to Yahweh and his consort Asherah, who are
> > pictured in the drawing below the inscription?
> >
> Another part of the problem is how to interpret the phrase YHWH
> Shomeron.  I've seen it "Yahweh the guardian," Yahweh of Samaria"
> and various others.  I don't think it's unreasonable to assume that
> other peoples might have picked up Israel's YHWH and added him
> to their own pantheons, and we know from the biblical history that
> Israel had a long history of departing from monotheism, so I suspect
> that the inscriptions come from one of those times, or from one of
> those other pantheons.  We certainly can't construct too much,
> especially covering a long period of time, based on this one small
> discovery.
> Along the same lines, I have read somewhere about another
> inscription from KA that mentions El and Baal; does anybody have
> info on that one?
> Dave Washburn
> http://www.nyx.net/~dwashbur
> This time, like all times, is a very good one if we but know what to do
> with it.
>                   -Emerson
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