CHESED=Grace

Trevor & Julie Peterson 06peterson at cua.edu
Wed Jan 16 17:52:36 EST 2002


Here's an interesting instance:

lammas mere'ehu khased vyirat shaddai ya'azov (Iyov 6:14)

Given the book that it's in, I wouldn't have expected to find it at all. But
here it's used between humans who are merely friends--nothing more.

Trevor Peterson
CUA/Semitics

> -----Original Message-----
> From: Lisbeth S. Fried [mailto:lizfried at umich.edu]
> Sent: Wednesday, January 16, 2002 2:15 PM
> To: Biblical Hebrew
> Subject: RE: CHESED=Grace
>
>
>
> Independent of deserving it if you're in the covenant.
> I know of its usage with David, and it's in the context
> of a covenant relationship between God and him.
> So if you have other examples, I'd like to see where it
> has nothing to do with a covenantal relationship.
> For example, is there hesed between one persona and
> another or is only between God and man??
> Is it unidirectional, or bi-directional?
> The hesed of David wouldn't refer to his mercy to GOd,
> but his loyalty.
> Liz
>
> > -----Original Message-----
> > From: Shoshanna Walker [mailto:rosewalk at concentric.net]
> > Sent: Wed, January 16, 2002 2:16 PM
> > To: Biblical Hebrew
> > Subject: Re: CHESED=Grace
> >
> >
> >
> >
> > That is not what it means, because it refers to kindness or an act of
> > kindness which is bestowed independently of the recipient's
> > deserving it or
> > not.
> >
> > It is also not only an action, but a quality which is attributed to G-d
> >
> > Charity is an example (not definition) of Chesed
> >
> > Shoshanna
> >
> >
> >
> > > I think it should be "covenant loyalty," fealty,
> > > what the sovereign owes the vassal, and what the vassal
> > > owes his lord.
> > > Liz
> > >
> > > > -----Original Message-----
> > > > From: Shoshanna Walker [mailto:rosewalk at concentric.net]
> > > > Sent: Wed, January 16, 2002 1:57 PM
> > > > To: Biblical Hebrew
> > > > Subject: Re: CHESED=Grace
> > > >
> > > >
> > > > Yes, lovingkindness or mercy
> > > >
> > > > Exactly
> > > >
> > > > shoshanna
> > > >
> > > >
> > > > >
> > > > > The understanding I have of the word chesed is that it is
> translated
> > as
> > > > > grace, mercy or lovingkindness.
> > > > > >From "The Place of Faith and Grace in Judaism" by David
> > R.Blumenthal.
> > > > >
> > > > > Christine Bass
> > > > >
> > > > >
> > > > >
> > > > > ----- Original Message -----
> > > > > From: "George Athas" <gathas at hotkey.net.au>
> > > > > To: "Biblical Hebrew" <b-hebrew at franklin.oit.unc.edu>
> > > > > Sent: Wednesday, January 16, 2002 5:52 AM
> > > > > Subject: CHESED
> > > > >
> > > > >
> > > > > > > The second question might refer to a different word
> > > > altogether--khesed,
> > > > > > > which is notoriously difficult to translate into English
> > > > but probably
> > > > > gets
> > > > > > > rendered both as "righteousness" and "charity" in English
> > > > versions. It
> > > > > is
> > > > > > > often understood as something like "covenant
> > faithfulness," but I
> > > > don't
> > > > > > > know that that really captures the sense either.
> > > > > >
> > > > > > It's not that hard to translate CHESED into English. I go
> > for either
> > > > > "commitment" or "devotion".
> > > > > >
> > > > > > Best regards,
> > > > > >
> > > > > > GEORGE ATHAS
> > > > > > (Sydney, Australia)
> > > > > >
> > > > > >
> > > > > >
> > > > >
> > > > >
> > > > >
> > > > >
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