Qames or Qames-Hatuph

Trevor & Julie Peterson 06peterson at cua.edu
Sun Jan 6 17:27:38 EST 2002


I don't know that this actually answers the original question. Since a shva
can have two different functions, determining whether the syllable is open
or closed can get tricky.

Trevor Peterson
CUA/Semitics
  -----Original Message-----
  From: Polycarp66 at aol.com [mailto:Polycarp66 at aol.com]
  Sent: Sunday, January 06, 2002 5:13 PM
  To: Biblical Hebrew
  Subject: Re: Qames or Qames-Hatuph


  In a message dated 1/6/2002 9:59:54 AM Eastern Standard Time,
hebrew2day at hotmail.com writes:



    When the vowel sign for (Qames or Qames-Hatuph) is right before a sheva
,
    how does one know if the vowel is a Qames or Qames-Hatuph?
    Also please list some extra rules if they apply.



  Weingreen (p. 12) states,

  "Since the vowel-sign [omitted] is used to represent both Qames 'a' and
Qames-Hatuph 'o', we have to determine when it is (long) 'a' and when
(short) 'o'.  The rule enunciated on p. 7 is her applied thus:--If the
vowel-sign [omitted] occurs in a closed unaccented syllable it must be short
and is therefore (short) 'o' = Qames-Hatuph.  If, on the other hand, it
occurs in an open syllable, or in a syllable which, though closed, is
accented, then it is long and therefore (long) 'a' = Qames. [Examples
omitted]

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